Supreme Court of Western Australia

The People in the Court

People in a Civil and Criminal Courtroom


The judge ensures proceedings are conducted according to the law. The judge is referred to as The Honourable Justice 'Smith' and is addressed as "Your Honour". The judge wears a black gown for both criminal and civil hearings. Judges in WA do not wear wigs.

The associate is a member of the judge's personal staff, and helps in the administration of the court including preparing documents, recording decisions and issuing orders.

Also a member of the judge's staff who calls witnesses and helps to keep order in the court.

A solicitor or barrister employed by the accused or defendant to defend the matter.

A solicitor or barrister who conducts proceedings on behalf of the State of Western Australia or the Commonwealth of Australia (for criminal proceedings), and on behalf of the plaintiff (for civil proceedings).

The person charged with committing an offence. This person will only be present for a criminal trial.

People called to give evidence on behalf of the prosecution / plaintiff or the defence.

A group of 12 people selected randomly to decide on the innocence or guilt of an accused person in a criminal trial. It is rare to have a jury in a civil trial.

Courtrooms are open to the public and members of the public are encouraged to attend trials to see for themselves how our courts operate.

Last updated: 8-Jul-2019

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